The International Civic and Citizenship Education Study was carried out in Romania by the Educational Testing Laboratory within the University of Bucharest’s Learning Center.


The aim of ICCS is to evaluate the civic competencies of 8th grade students and to investigate the way these are formed. This edition of the study included aspects regarding global citizenship, durable development, migration, the evolution of political systems and using digital technologies in civic participation.


24 countries participated in the ICCS: Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Columbia, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), Germany (Schleswig-Holstein), Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Holland, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. In total, almost 82.000 pupils in 3.400 schools participated in the study, and approximately 40.000 professors. The participation of Romania to the study was financed by the European Education and Culture Executive AgencyRomanian American Foundation and the Ministry of Education. Internationally, ICCS is at its third edition, in which Romania participated for the first time. The ICCS international study is organised once every 6 years.


In Romania, the tests were administered in printed format on a sample of 158 schools. 2,768 students (of whom 1,357 boys and 1,411 girls), 2,242 teachers and principals from the respective schools participated.


The international report, in English, available here:


The European report, in English, available here:


Some of the conclusions of the study are:

  • Romanian students obtained an average score of 470 in the assessment of civic knowledge and civic cognitive processes, significantly lower than the ICCS 2022 average (508), situating Romania on the 16th place out of 20 participating countries;
  • Approximately a quarter of Romanian students are at proficiency level D or below (compared to 14.2% ICCS 2022 average), and approximately 20% are at proficiency level A (compared to 30.6% ICCS 2022 average);
  • More Romanian students (55%), than the average of the countries participating in ICCS 2022 (37%) declared that they are part of voluntary groups that help the local community;
  • Across countries in ICCS 2022, students in higher socioeconomic status groups demonstrated higher average civic knowledge than students in lower socioeconomic status groups; for Romania, students that reported having less than 26 books in their households (47%) had an average score of 432, while students that reported having more than 26 books (53%) had an average score of 505.


Among the report’s recommendations are the periodic review and improvement of the civic education curriculum, mini-innovation grants dedicated to schools to support civic projects, and continuous teacher training programs.


The National Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) is available only in Romanian.